Install WP-CLI on CentOS 7: A Comprehensive Guide
WP-CLI (WordPress Command Line Interface) is a powerful command line tool that allows you to manage and administer your WordPress sites and plugins right from the terminal. With WP-CLI, you can automate many repetitive tasks like installing and activating plugins, managing users, importing content, and more.
Installing WP-CLI on a CentOS 7 server unlocks powerful site management capabilities and efficiencies. Some key benefits include:
- Automating WordPress tasks like updates, backups, and deployments
- Controlling WordPress sites remotely via the command line
- Developing and customizing WordPress plugins and themes
- Managing WordPress in a development environment or for multiple sites
This comprehensive guide is ideal for developers, site owners, and system administrators who want to tap into the capabilities of WP-CLI on a CentOS 7 server. With step-by-step instructions and examples, you’ll be up and running with WP-CLI quickly.
Before installing WP-CLI, make sure your CentOS 7 server meets these requirements:
- CentOS 7 version 7.0 or higher
- PHP version 5.4 or later with command-line access
- Basic understanding of the Linux command line
- Access to a CentOS 7 server as a non-root user with sudo privileges
You’ll also need to have WordPress already installed on your server. If not, refer to this DigitalOcean tutorial on installing WordPress on CentOS 7 first.
Install WP-CLI on CentOS 7
There are two recommended methods for installing WP-CLI on CentOS 7:
Option 1: Using the WP-CLI Phar File
- Download the latest stable WP-CLI Phar file:
- Make the file executable:
chmod +x wp-cli.phar
- Move WP-CLI to /usr/local/bin for system-wide access:
sudo mv wp-cli.phar /usr/local/bin/wp
- Verify the installation:
This will output version information if WP-CLI was installed correctly.
Option 2: Install Using Composer
If Composer is already installed on your CentOS 7 server, you can use it to install WP-CLI globally:
composer global require wp-cli/wp-cli
Make sure to place the Composer bin directory in your PATH so the wp executable is found:
echo 'export PATH=""$PATH:$HOME/.composer/vendor/bin""' >> ~/.bash_profile
Then reload your profile and verify:
This will again output version information for WP-CLI.
Basic WP-CLI Commands
WP-CLI provides a vast range of commands for managing WordPress installs. Here are some of the most common and useful ones:
wp core install– Install WordPress
wp plugin install– Install plugins
wp plugin activate– Activate plugins
wp plugin deactivate– Deactivate plugins
wp theme install– Install themes
wp theme activate– Activate themes
wp post create– Create new posts
wp user create– Create new users
wp db backup– Backup the database
And many more! Check out the WP-CLI command references for details on all available commands.
Advanced WP-CLI Techniques
Once you master the basics, WP-CLI unlocks even more powerful WordPress management capabilities:
- Manage multisite installations from the command line.
- Automate deployments by integrating WP-CLI with CI/CD tools like Jenkins.
- Develop custom WP-CLI commands to customize and extend WordPress.
- Run cron events, updates, migrations and more from the command line.
- Integrate with third party services like Stripe and Mailchimp using WP-CLI.
Check out the WP-CLI handbook for guides on advanced techniques.
When using WP-CLI, keep these security best practices in mind:
- Keep WP-CLI updated to the latest version for security fixes.
- Use SSH keys for authentication instead of passwords when accessing servers remotely.
- Avoid running WP-CLI as the root user. Use a limited user account instead.
- Limit network access to the WP-CLI port when accessed remotely.
Carefully manage WP-CLI access and follow WordPress security best practices for secure site management.
To take your WP-CLI skills even further, check out these resources:
- Official WP-CLI documentation – Command references, guides, and examples.
- WP101 CLI Video Course – Video introduction to WP-CLI.
- WP-CLI on GitHub – Report issues and contribute to the project.
- WP-CLI on WordPress.org – Discussion forums and support.
Installing WP-CLI on CentOS 7 unlocks powerful command line management for WordPress. With this comprehensive guide, you can quickly get up and running with WP-CLI and start automating WordPress administration.
The capabilities unlocked by WP-CLI are immense. Be sure to check out the additional resources mentioned to take your WP-CLI skills to the next level.
What are you using WP-CLI for on CentOS? Share your experiences in the comments!
Q: Do I need root access to install WP-CLI?
A: No, you can install and use WP-CLI as a normal non-root user with sudo privileges. Avoid running WP-CLI with root access.
Q: Can I damage my site with WP-CLI?
A: WP-CLI is very powerful, so a mistake could damage your site. Make backups before using destructive commands. Overall, WP-CLI is safe if used properly.
Q: Where do I get help with WP-CLI commands?
Q: Does WP-CLI work on multisite?
A: Yes! WP-CLI has full support for WordPress multisite networks, with commands tailored specifically for multisite management.
Q: Can I automate WP-CLI commands?
A: Yes, you can run WP-CLI commands in scripts or integrate them into deployment workflows using CI/CD tools like Jenkins. WP-CLI is ideal for automation.”